Green Crescent “Candidly” Towards 100th Year…
Dear Fellows of Green Crescent,
Our society, in thes..
There are many types of alcohol. One type of it called ethanol is consumed as alcoholic drink. Alcohol consumed as beverage causes many diseases. In addition, alcohol weakens will-power, a person loses his/her control and becomes defenceless against drugs. 57 percent of drug addicts use alcohol. Abstaining from alcohol has a defensive role in protection from other addictions.
A person who overconsumes alcohol continually, who wants to consume it despite the deterioration in his/her physical, mental and public health and who needs to be treated is called alcoholic. 76 million of 2 billion alcohol users in the world are addicted to alcohol. In Turkey, 1 million 800 thousand people loses his/her life in a year. The age of first alcohol consumption has declined up to 11 in Turkey. The more the age of first consumption declines, the more a person becomes tended to be addicted in his/her coming years.
Alcohol reaches cells through gastric surface. While 20 percent of it mixes with blood from gastric, 80 percent of it mixes with blood from intestine. The next step is liver. The priority of liver is to produce energy by consuming fatty acid. However, it changes when it comes to alcohol. Ordinarily fatty acid expected to be consumed begins to gather in liver and liver becomes fatty. Alcohol reaches heart, lung and bronchus with blood.
Alcohol reaches brain from lung in minutes and causes drowsiness in brain. After three minutes of its inclusion in body, it reaches all cells of the body. If the amount of alcohol passes a certain level, it leads coma and even death.
It may take time to admit alcohol abuse and growing alcohol addiction because alcohol is a psychoactive substance which has social consumption. While many alcohol users continue to be in the level of social consumption, later it turns into alcohol addiction. People who use alcohol, who want to be treated and look for solution or their relatives can apply to psychiatry clinics and Alcohol and Drug Addiction Treatment Centres (AMATEM in Turkey).
Alcohol decreases the rate of oxygen in blood. A brain which is not able to receive sufficient oxygen begins to lose its function. As a result of lacking fear with the effect of alcohol and growing self-confidence, a driver becomes tended to take risks and at the same time the possibility to have accident increases. Even if a person keeps the rules in daily life, this condition can change under the influence of alcohol. With the diminution in balance, visual, auditory and cerebral functions, muscle control and attention decrease. The reaction time of drivers extends in case a being or a vehicle suddenly comes out in front of him/her and this increases the possibility to have an accident.
Alcohol passes to blood of babies from mothers’ blood by placenta. The amount of alcohol of a mother is same in her baby’s blood. Alcohol used during pregnancy causes problems such as low or dead births, growth deficiency, social development and mental retardation in babies.
percent of violence incidents,
percent of criminal assault,
percent of traffic accidents,
percent of violence against women,
percent of murders,